Cost Estimation of EV Fast-Charging Stations
2022/05/30 By hqt
EV fast-charging station cost
Cost of Electric Vehicle Charging Station Installation
The EV fast-charging station cost for electric vehicles ranges from $750 to $2,600 for a Level 2 charger, 240-volt outlet, wiring, and wall mounting. Some EV charger installations might cost between $2,000 and $5,000 due to substantial wiring or electrical panel upgrades. Installation of a Tesla charger costs between $1,000 and $1,700 altogether.
Cost to Install an Average Vehicle Charging Station
The following are the typical costs associated with installing a Level 2 electric car charging station, a 240v outlet, wiring, and wall mounting.
Cost of Electric Vehicle Charging Stations
A Level 2 home EV fast-charging station cost r costs between $350 and $900 on average, installation not included, for an electric vehicle charging station. EV charging stations range in price from $550 to $2,000, with greater amps for quicker charging or support for multiple vehicles.
- Level 1 chargers use regular 120V home outlets, which are often found in garages but provide sluggish charging rates.
- Level 2 charging stations need a 240V outlet and circuit, similar to those used by an electric range or dryer.
- Level 3 stations, also known as DC Fast Charging stations, can charge up to ten times more quickly than Level 2 stations and are intended for commercial usage.
Level 1 EV Charger (120-Volt)
A Level 1 EV EV fast-charging station cost costs between $80 and $180, however, its replacement is often covered by the vehicle's warranty. EVs are equipped with a Level 1 charger that is compatible with ordinary 120-volt outlets. Level 1 trickle chargers only provide 2 to 5 miles per hour of charging and need 8 to 25 hours to fully charge an electric vehicle's battery.
Cost of Level 2 Charging Station (240-Volt)
On average, a 240-volt Level 2 EV fast-charging station costs between $350 and $900. $400 to $1,700 is the usual cost to install a Level 2 charger. Level 2 EV chargers feature app monitoring, heat management, and programmable scheduling, and can completely charge an EV battery in 4 to 10 hours.
Cost of Level 3 Charging Station (DC Fast)
Level 3 EV fast-charging station costs from $10,000 to $40,000. Between $4,000 to $50,000 is the typical cost to establish a Level 3 DC Fast charging station. Level 3 charging stations are intended for public and commercial networks and can fully charge an electric vehicle's battery in thirty to sixty minutes.
Considering Charging Station Aspects
Charging stations for electric vehicles (EVSE) are available in a variety of designs and configurations. Before purchasing a charging station, keep the following in mind:
- Portability — Hardwired Level 2 charging stations are attached to the wall, while plug-in ones are mobile.
- Wi-Fi Enabled — Wi-Fi-enabled units have app monitoring and scheduling and are eligible for utility provider rebates by sharing charging data.
- Outlet Location and Cord Length - Longer cables permit navigating around the vehicle or charging the vehicle while it is parked in the driveway.
- Indoor vs Outdoor Rating - EV charging stations are rated NEMA 3, 4, or 6 to demonstrate their resistance to the elements and water. NEMA 3 chargers are appropriate for electricity usage in a garage. The weatherproofing of NEMA 4 or 6 chargers is enhanced for indoor and outdoor usage.
- Future-Proofing — Install at least a 50-amp, 240-volt circuit for quicker charging in preparation for future car sales.
- Dual Charging and Power Sharing - Homes with two electric cars need a dual charging station or two independent charging stations. Models with the power-sharing function automatically balance the electrical demand of two chargers on a single circuit.
- Maintenance & Guarantee — Depending on the manufacturer and type, EV charging stations have a limited 1- to 3-year parts and labor warranty. Modifications made by unauthorized service providers invalidate the warranty on the charger.
Cost of Tesla Charger Installation
A Tesla Wall Connector residential charger costs $500, installation not included. Installation of a Tesla charger typically costs between $500 and $1,200, including the addition of a new circuit. NEMA adapters cost between $35 and $45 and let Teslas connect to Level 2 EV chargers.
- Tesla Wall Connectors are Wi-Fi enabled, can charge up to 44 miles per hour (20 times quicker than a regular outlet), and are compatible with the Model S, Model X, and Model 3.
- The Tesla Mobile Connector is a Level-1 charger for use with regular 120-volt residential outlets that is provided with every new Tesla.
Costs of Tesla Supercharger
Depending on the region, Tesla Supercharger charging stations cost between $0.13 and $0.26 per minute or $0.28 per kWh. A full refill of 250 miles costs around $23. After the charge session is over, any vehicle occupying a Supercharger will be charged $0.50 to $1.00 per minute for idling.
- Some establishments charge by the kWh (kilowatt-hour) while others charge by the minute. Certain sites provide peak and off-peak pricing.
- In metropolitan locations, Superchargers provide 72 kW of power, and the typical charging session lasts between 45 and 50 minutes. Limited V3 Superchargers provide 250 kW and reduce charging times by fifty percent.
Costs of Home EV Charger Installation
EV charger installation costs are determined by the distance between the electrical panel and the charging station, the capacity of the electrical panel and the wall mounting of the charger if trenching is necessary around the house or to a detached garage, as well as permits.
Electrician Installation Fees For EV Charger
Electrical work is the most expensive aspect of constructing an EV charging station. Many older houses need electrical improvements to provide sufficient power to the station.
- Electrician - The installation of a Level 2 EV charging station requires the services of a licensed electrician who examines the current electrical capacity and performs any required changes. Electricians charge $40 to $100 per hour.
- Electrical Circuit and Outlet — The typical cost to install a new 240-volt circuit and 50-amp outlet is $300 to $800. Level 2 charging stations need the installation of a dedicated 240-volt circuit. Plug-in variants need a 30, 40, or 50-amp circuit-wired outlet.
- Wiring - Wiring from the electrical panel to the wall where the EV charging station is located costs between $6 and $8 per linear foot.
- Electrical Capacity — If the electrical panel cannot accommodate a 240-volt circuit, it must be upgraded.
- Underground Trenching - Homes with detached garages may need underground trenching to run conduit to the garage's outside wall. The cost of trenching ranges from $4 to $12 per linear foot, excluding wiring.
- Garage Remodeling - Outdated, damaged, or outdated garages may need repairs and improvements costing an average of $1,000 to $5,000. New garage construction expenses range from $35 to $60 per square foot.
EV Charger Permits
Depending on local regulations, the cost of an electrical permit to build a home EV charging station ranges from $50 to $200 on average. Numerous utility providers provide refunds to offset permit fees.
Additional accessories for the charger include a Wi-Fi amplifier, cable organizer, and pedestal mount.
Costs of Establishing an Electric Vehicle Charging Station
Installing a Level 2 charger at home offers simplicity, dependability, and savings of up to 70% compared to public station pricing and membership costs. A home charging station is always accessible, allowing the battery to be recharged overnight and to begin the day with a full charge.
Charge Rate For Electric Vehicle
Between $0.03 and $0.04 per mile, $0.50 and $1.50 per hour, and between $3 and $8 for a full charge. Electric vehicles increase your monthly electricity expenditure by $25 to $35 for charging an average of 30 kilometers every night.
Cost of Public EV Charging Stations
The typical cost to charge an electric vehicle at a public charging station is $0.28 to $0.79 per kWh, $1.50 to $3.50 per hour, or $7 to $36 for a full charge. A charge membership normally costs $4 to $8 per month and offers a 10 percent savings over pay-as-you-go pricing.
- Charging networks including ChargePoint, EVgo, Blink, Electrify America, and Tesla maintains 30,000 public charging stations around the United States. Compared to this, there are 168 thousand petrol stations.
- The majority of charging stations only provide Level 2 charging, while 20% offer Level 3 DC Fast Charging, which takes 30 to 60 minutes to completely charge a battery.
- Public stations levy an idling cost of $0.40 to $1.30 per minute for keeping a car plugged in for longer than the maximum permitted period or after the battery is completely charged.
Why Charge at no cost at stations located in several parking garages, retail complexes, and business parks.
- Apps such as PlugShare and ChargeHub assist drivers of electric vehicles in locating local public charging stations on all networks.
Credit for charging station taxes
Residential charging stations are eligible for a 30 percent tax credit on the purchase and installation expenses, up to $1,000, while business charging stations are eligible for a tax credit of up to $30,000. Owners of electric vehicles may also be eligible for incentives provided by state and municipal governments and utility companies:
- Refunds - The majority of utility providers offer rebates of up to fifty percent on the acquisition and installation of Level 2 home charging stations. Because utility companies utilize the data to distribute power more effectively, Wi-Fi-enabled stations are more likely to qualify.
- Discounted Registration and Title Costs - Some states provide savings on sales tax, registration fees, and title fees to purchasers of electric vehicles.
- Access to High-Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) Lanes — Many jurisdictions provide EV owners access to HOV lanes.
- Parking Discounts - Some towns and local businesses provide free charging and public parking for electric vehicles.
A Level 2 home charger costs between $350 and $900 on average, installation not included, for an electric vehicle charging station. EV charging stations range in price from $550 to $2,000, with greater amps for quicker charging or support for multiple vehicles. Prices exclude installation costs.